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– The dignity of labour, also known as the dignity of work , is the philosophy that all types of jobs are respected equally, and no occupation is considered superior.

– Loyalty : The fidelity of an individual to a nation, either one’s nation of birth, or one’s declared home nation by oath ( nationalization ).

– Justice is the legal or philosophical theory by which fairness is administered.

– Commitment: The state or quality of being dedicated to a cause, activity, an engagement or obligation that restricts freedom of action.

– Courage is the choice and willingness to confront agony, pain, danger, uncertainty, or intimidation.

i)Broaden your perspective. Being selfless starts with having the ability to see beyond your personal concerns and empathize with others, even those you’ve never met. If you’re constantly consumed by your own problems and status, you won’t have time or energy to act selflessly.
ii)Think about how other people feel. Empathy and selflessness go hand in hand. If you understand how someone else feels, you’ll be more likely to be moved to act selflessly toward that person.
iii)Be selfless even when no one notices. Selfless people don’t act with kindness and generosity with the expectation of getting credited for it. They do it because it’s the right thing to do, and because it feels good to help other people when you have the capacity to do so.



(i) It enables individuals to become conscious of their rights and ready to claim it.
(ii) It gives citizens willingness to report cases of human right abuse to the authorities
(iii) Individuals have respect for the right of their fellow beings


(i) The right to life of a citizen can be curtailed if he is found guilty of murder, armed robbery, or any other serious crime
(ii) Right to freedom of movement of a citizen may be denied if the citzen has a criminal case pending in court
(iii)Right to freedom of association and assembly can be denied a citizen for the sake of peace and order by the police



An interpersonal relationship is a strong, deep, or close association or acquaintance between two or more people that may range in duration from brief to enduring.


(1) Patience: This is the ability to be calm and not be quick to provocation.

(2) Honesty: This is the quality of being truthful and upright in your dealing with others.

(3) Tolerance: It is the ability to accept others the way they are. Always remember that no two people can be exactly the same.

(4) Kindness: This is the quality of being nice, caring, gentle and helpful in our relationship with others.


Make others feel important. Show to them how much you care.


Caring: Be helpful and genuinely sympathetic to the plight of others. Lend a sympathetic ear to their troubles and help them whenever required.


(i) Selfishness: It is a situation where a leader does not care about the needs of other people but about himself and things that will favour him.
(ii) Party Interest: This is a situation whereby the interest of the party is placed above the views of other people on an issue irrespective of the benefits of the popular view of the citizens.
(iii) Wrong Orientation: In developing countries like Nigeria, politics is seen as a quick way to success rather than avenue to serve people.
(iv) Lack of Vision: Majority of political office holders lack the vision to serve the interest of the citizens.
(v) Corruption and bribery: Through this, the leaders loot public treasury just to satisfy their selfish desires.

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